WASHINGTON QUARTER DOUBLED DIES 1942

Revised on March 8, 2013

Copyright 2011 by James Wiles, Used with permission from CONECA.

 

 

1942

1942-D

1942-S

 

 

 

 

1942

SDO-003

Designation:

SD-3-O-V-CCW from K-5 (P, D, S, PR)

Description:

Medium spread on LI of LIBERTY with light spread on IN GOD WE TRUST

Grade:

MS63

Population:

1

Markers:

Strength of doubling will vary depending upon hub and die state

UVC-0224

DMR-001

MS

RDV-001

UVC-0225

DMR-002

PR

RDV-002

Reported by:

Unknown

 

1942

DDO-001

Designation:

1-O-IV

Description:

Strong spread on D of GOD, WE, and last T of TRUST, with division lines on back of head and entire queue

Grade:

MS63

Population:

12

Markers:

UVC-0226

DMR-003

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Obverse and Reverse are MDS

Stage C:

 

Obverse is LDS

Die crack eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing to Q of QUARTER LDS

Stage D:

 

Obverse is VLDS

Die crack from eagle's head Northeast to S of PLURIBUS VLDS

Reported by:

Bill Fivaz

 

1942

DDO-002

Designation:

2-O-IV (3)

Description:

Medium spread on D of GOD, WE, ST of TRUST, ear, back of head and queue

Grade:

AU50, MS63

Population:

2, 2

Markers:

UVC-0227

DMR-004

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

 

 

Obverse is MDS

Die crack through US of PLURIBUS to wing MDS

Die crack eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing to Q of QUARTER

UVC-0470

DMR-028

Stage C:

Die crack Northwest through G of GOD and R of TRUST LDS

Reverse die changed MDS

Reported by:

Ed Raser

 

1942

DDO-003

Designation:

3-O-V-CW from K-1; FS-25-1942-101

Description:

Strong spread on date, IN GOD WE TRUST, with light spread on LIB of LIBERTY, and eye

Grade:

MS64

Population:

11

Markers:

UVC-0228

DMR-005

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Obverse and Reverse are MDS

Stage C:

 

Obverse is LMDS

Die crack East from eagle's head LMDS

Light die crack down lower Right (viewer's Left) wing

Stage D:

Die crack across bust into ribbon LDS

Reverse is LDS

Stage E:

Light die crack on forehead and hair VLDS

Die crack BUS of PLURIBUS to wing VLDS

Reported by:

Bill Fivaz

 

1942

DDO-004

Designation:

4-O-II-C

Description:

Light spread on BERTY of LIBERTY

Grade:

MS63

Population:

2

Markers:

UVC-0229

DMR-006

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Obverse is MDS

Light die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing MDS

Stage C:

Light die crack across forehead and hair LDS

Light die crack across bust

Die crack from back of eagle's head to wing LDS

Die crack from wing to rim through O of OF

Reported by:

Delma K. Romines

 

1942

DDO-005

Designation:

5-O-V-CW from K-2

Description:

Medium spread on date, IN GOD WE TRUST, and LIB of LIBERTY

Grade:

MS63

Population:

4

Markers:

UVC-0230

DMR-007

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Obverse is MDS

Light die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing LDS

Stage C:

Obverse and Reverse are LDS

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942

DDO-006

Designation:

6-O-V-CW from K-3

Description:

Light spread on 19 of date, IN GOD WE TRUST, and LIBERTY

Grade:

MS63

Population:

1

Markers:

UVC-0231

DMR-008

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

MDS (unconfirmed)

Stage C:

Die crack across bust LMDS

Die crack across forehead and hair to rim through T of LIBERTY

Die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing LMDS

Die crack URIBUS of PLURIBUS to wing under AME of AMERICA

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942

DDO-007

Designation:

7-O-V-CW from K-3

Description:

Light spread on 19 of date, IN GOD WE TRUST, and LIB of LIBERTY

Grade:

AU55

Population:

1

Markers:

UVC-0232

DMR-009

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

 

Light die crack across forehead and hair MDS

Light die crack across bust

Reverse is MDS

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942

DDO-008

Designation:

8-O-V-CCW from K-12

Description:

Medium spread on 19 of date with light spread on 42 of date, RTY of LIBERTY and IN GOD WE TRUST

Grade:

MS63

Population:

3

Markers:

UVC-0233

DMR-010

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

MDS (unconfirmed)

Stage C:

Light die crack across bust LDS

Light die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing LDS

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942

DDO-009

Designation:

9-O-V-CCW from K-6

Description:

Medium spread on LIBERTY

Grade:

MS63

Population:

6

Markers:

UVC-0234

DMR-011

Stage A:

Obverse and Reverse are EDS

Stage B:

Obverse and Reverse are MDS

Stage C:

Obverse and Reverse are LDS

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942

DDO-010

Designation:

10-O-V-CCW from K-6

Description:

Light spread on RTY of LIBERTY

Grade:

MS63

Population:

13

Markers:

UVC-0235

DMR-012

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Obverse is MDS

Reverse is LISTED as DDR-007 MDS

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942

DDO-011

Designation:

11-O-VI

Description:

Light extra thickness on LIBERTY

Grade:

MS63

Population:

5

Markers:

UVC-0236

DMR-013

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Die crack across upper hair MDS

Die crack across bust

Die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing MDS

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942

DDO-012

Designation:

12-O-I-CCW

Description:

Medium spread on LIBERTY with light spread on date and queue and with very light spread on IN GOD WE TRUST

Grade:

MS65

Population:

3

Markers:

UVC-0237

DMR-014

Stage A:

Obverse and Reverse are EDS

Stage B:

Light die crack across upper hair onto forehead MDS

Die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing MDS

Stage C:

Die crack across bust LDS

Reverse is LDS

Reported by:

Ralph Huntzinger

 

1942

DDO-013

Designation:

13-O-V-CCW from K-12

Description:

Light spread on date

Grade:

MS67

Population:

1

Markers:

UVC-0449

DMR-027

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

MDS (unconfirmed)

Stage C:

 

 

Obverse is LDS

Die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing LDS

Die crack from last S of STATES through US of PLURIBUS to wing

Reported by:

Timothy Wissert

 

1942

DDO-014

Designation:

14-O-V-CW from K-5

Description:

Light spread on 1 of date, IN GOD WE TRUST, and LIBERTY

Grade:

MS65

Population:

1

Markers:

UVC-0497

DMR-029

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

MDS (unconfirmed)

Stage C:

Light die crack across bust LDS

Die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing to QU of QUARTER LDS

Die crack RIBUS of PLURIBUS to wing under AMER of AMERICA

Reported by:

Timothy Wissert

 

1942

DDO-015

Designation:

15-O-V-CCW from K-8

Description:

Light spread on RTY of LIBERTY, ribbon end and 2 of date

Grade:

MS64

Population:

1

Markers:

UVC-0504

DMR-030

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

MDS (unconfirmed)

Stage C:

 

Light die crack across bust LDS

Die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing to leaf above Q of QUARTER LDS

Reported by:

Timothy Wissert

 

1942

DDO-016

Designation:

16-O-V-CW from K-6

Description:

Light spread on LIBERTY

Grade:

AU50

Population:

1

Markers:

UVC-0696

DMR-032

Stage A:

Obverse and Reverse are EMDS

Stage B:

MDS (unconfirmed)

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Zaps Coins

 

1942

DDR-001

Designation:

1-R-V-CCW from K-9

Description:

Medium spread on STATES OF AMERICA, E PLURIBUS UNUM, DOLLAR, and Right side of wreath

Grade:

MS63

Population:

5

Markers:

UVC-0238

DMR-015

Stage A:

Reverse and Obverse are EDS

Stage B:

Reverse and Obverse are MDS

Stage C:

Light die crack East from back of eagle's head LDS

Die crack eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing to Q of QUARTER

Die crack from bust to rim through 1 of date LDS

Light die crack across upper hair

Reported by:

Michael K. Ringo

 

1942

DDR-002

Designation:

2-R-V-CCW from K-9; FS-25-1942-801 (014)

Description:

Very strong spread on STATES OF AMERICA, QUARTER DOLLAR, E PLURIBUS UNUM, wing tips, stems, Right leaves, beak, plume, and Right most talon

Grade:

MS64

Population:

6

Markers:

UVC-0239

DMR-016

Stage A:

Reverse and Obverse are EMDS

Stage B:

 

Die crack through US of PLURIBUS to wing MDS

Die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing

Obverse is MDS

Stage C:

Die crack extends from URIBUS to wing LDS

Obverse is LDS

Reported by:

Delma K. Romines

 

1942

DDR-003

Designation:

3-R-VI

Description:

Extra thickness on all lettering and stems with strong division lines on tips

Grade:

MS64

Population:

4

Markers:

UVC-0240

DMR-017

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Reverse and Obverse are MDS

Stage C:

 

 

Die crack Q of Quarter to wing tip LDS

Die crack BUS of PLURIBUS to wing

Die crack across bust LDS

Die crack across upper hair

Reported by:

Chris Pilliod

 

1942

DDR-004

Designation:

4-R-IV

Description:

Light spread South on lower arrows and branch

Grade:

MS63

Population:

2

Markers:

UVC-0241

DMR-018

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Reverse and Obverse are MDS

Stage C:

Die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing LDS

Die crack across forehead and upper hair LDS

Reported by:

David Biglow

 

1942

DDR-005

Designation:

5-R-I-CW; FS-25-1942-802 (014.3)

Description:

 

Very strong spread on QUARTER DOLLAR, leaves, stems, arrows, and talons with strong spread on UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, and E PLURIBUS UNUM

Grade:

VF

Population:

6

Markers:

UVC-0242

DMR-019

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Reverse and Obverse are MDS

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Geoffrey Fults

 

1942

DDR-006

Designation:

6-R-IV; FS-25-1942-803

Description:

Strong spread on eagle's Right (viewer's Left) side, beak, and body

Grade:

MS63

Population:

6

Markers:

UVC-0243

DMR-020

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

MDS (unconfirmed)

Stage C:

 

Die crack eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing to Q of QUARTER LDS

Obverse is LDS

Stage D:

Die crack extends through QUA of QUARTER VLDS

Die crack through IBUS of PLURIBUS to wing

Die crack from back of eagle's head to wing

Obverse is VLDS

Reported by:

Geoffrey Fults

 

1942

DDR-007

Designation:

7-R-VI

Description:

Light extra thickness on QUARTER DOLLAR and stems

Grade:

MS63

Population:

13

Markers:

UVC-0235

DMR-012

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Reverse is MDS

Obverse is LISTED as DDO-010 MDS

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942

DDR-008

Designation:

8-R-V-CCW from K-7

Description:

Medium spread on TES of STATES, and OF AMERICA

Grade:

MS64

Population:

3

Markers:

UVC-0244

DMR-021

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

MDS (unconfirmed)

Stage C:

 

Die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing LDS

Light die crack across bust LDS

Light die crack across upper hair

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942

DDR-009

Designation:

9-R-V-CCW from K-7

Description:

Light spread on OF AMERICA

Grade:

MS63

Population:

1

Markers:

UVC-0245

DMR-022

Stage A:

Reverse and Obverse are EDS

Stage B:

MDS (unconfirmed)

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942

DDR-010

Designation:

10-R-V-CW from K-9

Description:

Light spread on ES of STATES, OF AMERICA, and AR of DOLLAR

Grade:

MS63

Population:

3

Markers:

UVC-0246

DMR-023

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

MDS (unconfirmed)

Stage C:

Die crack BUS of PLURIBUS to wing under AMER of AMERICA LDS

Die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing to Q of QUARTER

Die crack across forehead and hair LDS

Light die crack across bust

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942

DDR-011

Designation:

11-R-II-C

Description:

Light spread on STATES OF, E PLURIBUS UNUM, and AM of AMERICA

Grade:

MS63

Population:

2

Markers:

UVC-0247

DMR-024

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Reverse is MDS

Heavy die scratch through WE MDS

Stage C:

Reverse and Obverse are LDS

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942

DDR-012

Designation:

12-R-II-C

Description:

Light spread on STATES OF, and AM of AMERICA

Grade:

MS63

Population:

2

Markers:

UVC-0248

DMR-025

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

MDS (unconfirmed)

Stage C:

Reverse is LDS

Several die scratches between ER of LIBERTY LDS

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942

DDR-013

Designation:

13-R-II-C

Description:

Medium spread on STATES OF AMERICA

Grade:

MS63

Population:

3

Markers:

UVC-0249

DMR-026

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Reverse and Obverse are MDS

Stage C:

Reverse and Obverse are LDS

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942

DDR-014

Designation:

14-R-VI

Description:

Strong extra thickness on UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, E PLURIBUS UNUM, QUARTER DOLLAR, both stems and outside wing edges

Grade:

AU55

Population:

2

Markers:

UVC-0512

DMR-031

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Reverse and Obverse are MDS

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Michael L. Ellis

 

1942-D

SDO-003

Designation:

SD-3-O-V-CCW from K-5 (P, D, S, PR)

Description:

Medium spread on LI of LIBERTY with light spread on IN GOD WE TRUST

Grade:

MS63

Population:

1

Markers:

Strength of doubling will vary depending upon hub and die state

UVC-0250

DMR-001

RDV-001

Reported by:

Unknown

 

1942-D

DDO-001

Designation:

1-O-I-CW; FS-25-1942D-101 (015)

Description:

Very strong spread on LIBERTY, IN GOD WE TRUST, and date

Grade:

MS64

Population:

11

Markers:

UVC-0251

DMR-002

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Obverse and Reverse are MDS

Stage C:

 

 

 

Die crack across upper hair extending to T of LIBERTY LDS

Die crack across bust

Die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing LDS

Die crack US of PLURIBUS to wing under AMER of AMERICA

Die crack East from back of eagle's head

UVC-0252

DMR-003

Stage D:

Obverse is LDS

Reverse die changed LDS

Reported by:

Natalie Halpern

 

1942-D

DDO-002

Designation:

2-O-V-CW+CCW (3) from K-2

Description:

Medium spread on IN GOD WE TRUST increasing toward center of die, and light spread on 1 of date

Grade:

MS63

Population:

3

Markers:

UVC-0253

DMR-004

Stage A:

Obverse is EDS

Reverse is LISTED as RPM-008 EDS

Stage B:

 

 

Die crack base of bust MDS

Die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing MDS

Die crack through S of PLURIBUS to wing under AM of AMERICA

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Ed Raser

 

1942-D

DDO-003

Designation:

3-O-V-CW from K-12

Description:

Medium spread inside upper 2 of date

Grade:

MS63

Population:

1

Markers:

UVC-0254

DMR-005

Stage A:

Obverse and Reverse are EDS

Stage B:

MDS (unconfirmed)

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

James Elliott

 

1942-D

DDO-004

Designation:

4-O-VI

Description:

Light extra thickness on LIBERTY

Grade:

MS63

Population:

4

Markers:

UVC-0255

DMR-006

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Die crack across bust into queue and into 1 of date MDS

Die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing MDS

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942-D

DDO-005

Designation:

5-O-VI

Description:

Medium extra thickness on LIBERTY

Grade:

XF45

Population:

1

Markers:

UVC-0256

DMR-007

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Obverse and Reverse are MDS

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942-D

DDO-006

Designation:

6-O-II-C

Description:

Light spread on RTY of LIBERTY

Grade:

AU50

Population:

1

Markers:

UVC-0257

DMR-008

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Light die crack across upper hair MDS

Reverse is MDS

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942-D

DDO-007

Designation:

7-O-VI

Description:

Light extra thickness on LIBERTY

Grade:

MS63

Population:

4

Markers:

UVC-0258

DMR-009

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

 

 

Die scratch between IB of LIBERTY MDS

Die scratch between BE of LIBERTY

Die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing into field MDS

Stage C:

 

Obverse is LDS

Die crack extends to Q of QUARTER LDS

Die crack S of PLURIBUS to wing under AMER of AMERICA

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942-D

DDO-008

Designation:

8-O-VI

Description:

Light extra thickness on LIBERTY

Grade:

AU50

Population:

1

Markers:

UVC-0259

DMR-010

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

 

Die crack from bust to rim through 1 of date MDS

Die crack East from back of eagle's head MDS

Die crack from S of PLURIBUS to wing

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942-D

DDO-009

Designation:

9-O-V-CCW from K-2

Description:

Medium spread on IN GOD WE TRUST

Grade:

MS64

Population:

3

Markers:

UVC-0260

DMR-011

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

Obverse and Reverse are MDS

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Larry Briggs

 

1942-D

DDR-001

Designation:

1-R-IV; FS-25-1942D-801 (016)

Description:

Very strong spread South on wreath, arrows, talons, eagle's beak, with a trace of doubling under second S of STATES

Grade:

MS64

Population:

5

Markers:

UVC-0261

 

DMR-012

 

Stage A:

 

Light die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing EMDS

Die crack across bust LDS

Two die cracks across upper hair

Stage B:

 

Reverse is MDS

Die crack across bust extends into queue behind and into field above 1 of date in front LDS

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Unknown

 

1942-D

DDR-002

Designation:

2-R-IV

Description:

Medium spread South on lower wreath, arrows, talons, and eagle's beak

Grade:

MS63

Population:

4

Markers:

UVC-0262

DMR-013

Stage A:

Reverse and Obverse are EDS

Stage B:

Light die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing MDS

Two die cracks across upper hair MDS

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Chris Pilliod

 

1942-D

DDR-003

Designation:

3-R-II-C

Description:

Light spread on UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Grade:

MS63

Population:

3

Markers:

UVC-0263

DMR-014

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

MDS (unconfirmed)

Stage C:

 

Die crack East from eagle's head LDS

Die crack through upper US of PLURIBUS to wing

Obverse is MDS

Stage D:

 

Die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing VLDS

Die crack across bust LDS

Die crack across upper hair

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942-D

DDR-004

Designation:

4-R-II-C

Description:

Light spread on UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Grade:

MS63

Population:

1

Markers:

UVC-0264

DMR-015

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

MDS (unconfirmed)

Stage C:

Die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing LDS

Die crack through lower US of PLURIBUS to wing under AMERICA

Die crack East from eagle's head

Die crack across bust into queue and into field in front LDS

Die crack across forehead and hair

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942-D

DDR-005

Designation:

5-R-II-C

Description:

Light spread on AMERICA

Grade:

AU50

Population:

1

Markers:

UVC-0265

DMR-016

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

MDS (unconfirmed)

Stage C:

Die crack East from eagle's head to wing LDS

Die crack across bust LDS

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942-S

SDO-003

Designation:

SD-3-O-V-CCW from K-5 (P, D, S, PR)

Description:

Medium spread on LI of LIBERTY with light spread on IN GOD WE TRUST

Grade:

MS63

Population:

1

Markers:

Strength of doubling will vary depending upon hub and die state

UVC-0273

DMR-001

RDV-001, MMS-002 (Trumpet tail)

UVC-0274

DMR-002

RDV-001, MMS-003 (Large)

Reported by:

Unknown

 

1942-S

DDO-001

Designation:

1-O-V-CW from K-12

Description:

Light spread on date

Grade:

MS63

Population:

3

Markers:

UVC-0275

DMR-003

Stage A:

Obverse is EDS

Reverse is MMS-002 (Trumpet tail) EDS

Stage B:

Die crack across upper hair MDS

Die crack down eagle's Right (viewer's Left) wing MDS

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Jose Cortez

 

1942-S

DDR-001

Designation:

1-R-II-C

Description:

Light spread on UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Grade:

AU55

Population:

4

Markers:

Reverse is MMS-003 (Large)

UVC-0276

DMR-004

Stage A:

EDS (unconfirmed)

Stage B:

MDS (unconfirmed)

Stage C:

Die gouge between upper ES of STATES LDS

Obverse is MDS

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke

 

1942-S

DDR-002

Designation:

2-R-II-C

Description:

Light spread on UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Grade:

MS63

Population:

2

Markers:

Reverse is MMS-002 (Trumpet tail)

UVC-0277

DMR-005

Stage A:

Reverse and Obverse are EMDS

Stage B:

Reverse and Obverse are MDS

Stage C:

LDS (unconfirmed)

Reported by:

Lee Hiemke